It is a hairy biennial plant that can grow to 2 meters tall or more and has small yellow flowers that are tightly grouped on a tall stem. The stem grows from a large rosette of leaves.
Mullein grows in a wide variety of habitats. It is a common weedy plant that spreads by producing seeds. Mullein rarely becomes aggressively invasive because its seeds require open ground to germinate. It is only a small problem for most agricultural crops since it is not a very competitive species.
It is widely used for herbal remedies, with well-established emollient and astringent properties. Mullein remedies are especially recommended for coughs and related problems, but also used in topical applications against a variety of skin problems. The plant has also been used to make dyes and torches.
Mullein works great in primitive fire making, especially the hand drill.
From the field